Gene A. Brewer


Associate Professor of Public Administration and Policy

Dr. Brewer is an internationally recognized public management scholar who regularly lectures, consults, and conducts research in the U.S. and abroad. He is considered an expert on public administration, management, and the policy process. His current research interests include public sector reform, government performance improvement, international and comparative administration, organization theory and behavior, rules and red tape, and bureaucratic accountability in democratic political systems.

Education
  • Ph.D., The University of Georgia 2001, Public Administration
  • MPA, The University of Georgia 1980, Public Administration
  • B.S., The University of Georgia 1978, Secondary Social Science Education
More About

Gene A. Brewer (Ph.D., University of Georgia, 2001) is an internationally recognized public management scholar. His current research interests include public sector reform, government performance improvement, international and comparative administration, organization theory and behavior, public policy implementation, rules and red tape, and bureaucratic accountability in democratic political systems. He is currently a partner and advisor on several domestic and international research projects and consortiums in the U.S., UK, Europe, and Asia. Dr. Brewer has more than forty-five years of work experience in the public and nonprofit sectors and regularly lectures, consults, and conducts research in the U.S. and abroad on a wide range of topics related to public administration, management, and the policy process.
Dr. Brewer teaches graduate courses in public administration, management, and the policy process. In recent years, he has taught seminars on public administration and democracy, public personnel administration (human resources management), organization theory and behavior, organization development and change, government performance improvement, international and comparative administration, public policy implementation, research methods and design, and data applications. He regularly gives invited lectures and research talks on emerging and recurrent topics in public management research such as bureaucratic responsibility, experimental research methods, interorganizational networks, public leadership, public service motivation, public service performance, public values, rules and red tape, and the rise of populism.

Areas of Expertise

Dr. Brewer is considered a subject matter expert in public administration, management, and the policy process.

Research Interests

Dr. Brewer specializes in public administration, management, and the policy process, and he regularly lectures, consults, and publishes research in the USA and internationally. His research interests coincide with his teaching interests and include the following topics: public administration and democracy, public personnel administration (human resources management), organization theory and behavior, organization development and change, government performance improvement, public policy implementation, international and comparative administration, research methods and design, and data applications. He is also interested in emerging topics in public management research such as experimental research methods, interorganizational networks, public leadership, public service motivation, public service performance, public values, rules and red tape, and the rise of populism.

Selected Publications

Books and monographs:

  • Walker, R.M., Boyne, G.A. & Brewer, G.A. (2010). Public Management and Performance: Research Directions. Cambridge University Press, 300pp. Note: in 2012, the book was reprinted in paperback and a second Korean-language edition was published.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2001). A Portrait of Public Servants: Empirical Evidence from Comparisons with Other Citizens. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Georgia, 248pp.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2000). Administrative Reform and Organizational Change in the Public Sector. Democracy Project AP 24/2000. University of Copenhagen, 48pp. and abstracts.

 

Chapters in books:

  • Brewer, G.A. (2019). “Public Service Motivation: Overcoming Major Obstacles to Research Progress.” In A. Massey, ed. A Research Agenda for Public Administration. Edward Elgar, pp. 202-219.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2018). “Dueling Banjos in American Public Administration: The Enduring Themes of Accountability and Performance.” In E.C. Stazyk & H.G. Frederickson, eds. The Handbook of American Public Administration. Edward Elgar, pp. 119-136.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2013). “Public Management Contributions for Improving Social Service Performance: Public Values, Public Service Motivation, and Rule Functionality.” In P.L.M. Leisink, P. Boselie, M.V. Bottenburg, & D.M. Hosking, eds. Managing Social Issues: A Public Values Perspective. Edward Elgar, pp. 19-36.
  • Brewer, GA. (2010). “Public Service Motivation and Performance.” In R.M. Walker, G.A. Boyne, and A. Brewer, eds. Public Management and Performance: Research Directions. Cambridge University Press, pp. 152-177.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Walker, R.M. (2010). “Red Tape: The Bane of Public Organizations?” In R.M. Walker, G.A. Boyne, & A. Brewer, eds. Public Management and Performance: Research Directions. Cambridge University Press, pp. 110-126.
  • Boyne, G.A., Walker, R.M., & Brewer, G.A. (2010). “How Far has Market Orientation Penetrated Public Organizations? An Empirical Test on Customer Satisfaction.” In M. Ramesh, E. Araral Jr., and X. Wu, eds. Reasserting the Public in Public Services: New Public Management Reforms. Routledge, pp. 63-78.
  • Brewer, G.A., Choi, Y.J., & Walker, R.M. (2009). “Assessing the Impact of Crises on the Performance and Governance of Asian Countries.” In C. Wescott, B. Bowornwathana, & L.R. Jones, eds. Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 18 – The Many Faces of Public Management Reform in the Asia-Pacific Region. Emerald, pp. 361-381.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2008). “Federal Farm Policy and the Role of Agricultural Agencies in Rural America.” In G.A. Goreham, ed. 1 – Encyclopedia of Rural America: The Land and the People, 2d ed. Grey House Publishing, pp. 439-444 plus references.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2008). “Employee and Organizational Performance.” In J.L. Perry & A. Hondeghem, eds. Motivation in Public Management: The Call of Public Service. Oxford University Press, pp. 136-156.
  • Brewer, G.A., Choi, Y., & Walker (2008). “Linking Accountability, Corruption and Government Effectiveness in Asia: An Examination of World Bank Governance Indicators.” In B. Bowornwathana & C. Wescott, eds. Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 17 – Comparative Governance Reform in Asia: Democracy, Corruption, and Government Trust. Emerald, pp. 227-245.
  • Golembiewski, R.T., & Brewer, G.A. (2007). “The Status of Organization Development in Public Administration: Another Case of Practice Being Ahead of Theory.” In T.G. Cummings, ed. Handbook of Organizational Development. Sage, pp. 541-551.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2006). “All Measures of Performance are Subjective: More Evidence on U.S. Federal Agencies.” In Boyne, G.A., Meier, K.J., O’Toole, L.J. Jr., & Walker, R.M., eds. Public Service Performance. Cambridge University Press, pp. 35-54.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2003). “Bureaucratic Politics.” In J. Rabin, ed. Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy. Marcel Dekker, pp. 141-146.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2001). “The Great Transformation? Administrative and Civil Service Reform in Western” In S.E. Condrey & R.A. Maranto, eds. Radical Reform of the Civil Service. Lexington Books, pp. 43-68.

 

 Journal articles:

  • Walker, R.M., Brewer, G.A., Lee, M.J., Petrovsky, N., & Witteloostuijn, A. (2018). “Best Practice Recommendations for Replicating Experiments in Public Administration.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, muy047, https://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muy047: 14 August 2018.
  • Walker, R.M., James, O., & Brewer, G.A. (2017). “Replication, Experiments and Knowledge in Public Management Research.” Public Management Review, 19, 9: 1221-1234.
  • van Loon, N.M., Leisink, P.L.M., Knies, E., & Brewer, G.A. 2016. “Red Tape: Developing and Validating a New Job-Centered Measure.” Public Administration Review, 76, 4: 662–673. Republished in 2018 virtual issue of highly cited articles.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Kellough, J.E. (2016). “Administrative Values and Public Personnel Management: Reflections on Civil Service Reform.” Public Personnel Management, 45, 2: 171-189.
  • Ritz, A., Brewer, G.A., & Neumann, O. (2016). “Public Service Motivation: A Systematic Literature Review and Outlook.” Public Administration Review, 76, 3: 414-426. Republished in 2018 virtual issue of highly cited articles.
  • Christensen, R.K., Stritch, J.M., Kellough, J.E., & Brewer, G.A. (2015). “Identifying Student Traits and Motives to Service-Learn: Public Service Orientation among New College Freshmen.” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 19, 4: 1-24.
  • Andrews, R., & Brewer, G.A. (2015). “Social Capital and Public Service Performance: Does Managerial Strategy Matter?” Public Performance and Management Review, 38, 2: 187-213.
  • Vandenabeele, W., Brewer, G.A., & Ritz, A. (2014). “Past, Present and Future of Public Service Motivation Research.” Public Administration, 92, 4: 779-789.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Brewer, G.A. (2014). “Parsing Public/Private Differences in Work Motivation and Performance: An Experimental Study.” In J.B. Bullock, H.G. Rainey, & A.B. Whitford, eds. Virtual Issue Exclusive: Experiments in Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Virtual issue in JPART Reader; article originally published in 2011.
  • Walker, R.M., Brewer, G.A., & Choi, Y. (2014). “Public Administration Research in East and Southeast Asia: A Review of the English Language Evidence, 1999-2009.” American Review of Public Administration, 44, 2: 131-150.
  • Walker, R.M., Brewer, G.A., Bozeman, B., Moon, M. J., & Wu, J. (2013). “An Experimental Assessment of Public Ownership and Performance: Comparing Perceptions in East Asia and the United States.” Public Management Review, 10, 8: 1208-1228.
  • Ritz, A., & Brewer, G.A. (2013). “Does Societal Culture Affect Public Service Motivation? Evidence of Sub-National Differences in Switzerland.” International Public Management Journal, 16, 2: 224-251.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Walker, R.M. 2013. “Personnel Constraints in Public Organizations: The Impact of Reward and Punishment on Organizational Performance.” Public Administration Review, 73, 1: 121-131.
  • Andrews, R., & Brewer, G.A. (2013). “Social Capital, Management Capacity, and Public Service Performance: Evidence from the U.S. States.” Public Management Review, 15, 1: 19-42.
  • Brewer, G.A., Walker, R.M., Bozeman, B., Avellaneda, C., & Brewer, G.A. Jr. (2012). “External Control and Red Tape: The Mediating Effects of Client and Organizational Feedback.” International Public Management Journal, 15, 3: 288-314.
  • Brewer, G.A., Ritz, A., & Vandenabeele, W. (2012). “Introduction to the Symposium on Public Service Motivation: An International Sampling of Research.” International Journal of Public Administration, 35, 1: 1-4.
  • Christensen, R.K., Stritch, J.M., Kellough, J.E., & Brewer, G.A. (2012). “The Pre-Career Consequences of Public Service Motivation: Exploring Service Orientation Among College Freshmen.” SSRN Electronic Journal. DOI:10.2139/ssrn.2127790, 22pp.
  • Walker, R.M., Brewer, G.A., Boyne, G.A., & Avellaneda, C. (2011). “Market Orientation and Public Service Performance: NPM Gone Mad?” Public Administration Review, 71, 5: 707-717.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Brewer, G.A. Jr. (2011). “Parsing Public/Private Differences in Work Motivation and Performance: An Experimental Study.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 21, 3: 347-362.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Selden, S.C. (2011). “Rolling Back State Civil Service Systems: Assessing the Erosion of Employee Rights and Protections, and Their Impacts.” SSRN Electronic Journal. DOI:10.2139/ssrn.1919624, 38pp.
  • O’Toole, L.J. Jr., Slade, C.P., Brewer, G.A., & Gase, L.N. (2011). “The Barriers and Facilitators to Implementing Primary Stroke Center Policy in the United States: Results from Four Case Study States”, American Journal of Public Health, 101, 3: 561-566.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2011) “Public Service Motivation: Expanding the Frontiers of Theory and Empirical Research.” Review of Public Personnel Administration 31, 1: 3-9. Introduction and lead-in to symposium.
  • Kellough, J.E., Nigro, L.G., & Brewer, G.A. (2010). “Civil Service Reform under George W. Bush: Ideology, Politics, and Public Personnel Administration.” Review of Public Personnel Administration, 30, 4: 404-422.
  • Hou, Y., & Brewer, G.A. (2010). “Substitution and Supplementation between Co-Functional Policy Instruments: Evidence from State Budget Stabilization Practices.” Public Administration Review, 70, 6: 914-924.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Walker, R.M. (2010). “Explaining Variations in Perceptions of Red Tape: A Professionalism-Marketization Model.” Public Administration, 88, 2: 418-438.
  • Andrews, R., & Brewer, G.A. (2010). “Social Capital and Fire Service Performance: Evidence from the U.S. States.” Social Science Quarterly, 91, 2: 576-591.
  • Brewer, G.A., and Selden, S.C. (2010). “Why Elephants Gallop: Assessing and Predicting Organizational Performance in Federal Agencies.” In S.I. Bretschneider, C. Heinrich, B.A. Radin, and C. Thomas, eds. Virtual issue in JPART Reader. Article originally published in 2000.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Walker, R.M. (2010). “The Impact of Red Tape on Governmental Performance: An Empirical Analysis.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 20, 1 (January): 233-257.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2009). “Case History: Drafting the Bolero Plan.” Public Administration Review 64, 6: 1162-1171. Wrote introduction and edited case study.
  • Walker, R.M., & Brewer, G.A. (2009). “Can Management Strategy Minimize the Impact of Red Tape on Organizational Performance?” Administration & Society, 41, 4: 423-448.
  • Walker, R.M., & Brewer, G.A. (2009). “Can Public Managers Reduce Red Tape? The Role of Internal Management in Overcoming External Constraints.” Policy & Politics, 37, 2: 255-272.
  • Walker, R.M., & Brewer, G.A. (2008). “An Organizational Echelon Analysis of the Determinants of Red Tape in Public Organizations.” Public Administration Review, 68, 6: 1112-1127.
  • Brewer, G.A., Choi, Y.J., & Walker, R.M. (2007). “Accountability, Corruption and Government Effectiveness in Asia: An Exploration of World Bank Governance Indicators.” International Public Management Review, 8, 2: 200-219.
  • Brewer, G.A., Neubauer, B.J., & Geiselhart, K. (2006). “Designing and Implementing E-Government Systems: Critical Implications for Public Administration and Democracy.” Administration & Society, 38, 4: 472-499.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2005). “In the Eye of the Storm: Frontline Supervisors and Federal Agency Performance.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 15, 4: 505-527.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2004). “Does Administrative Reform Improve Bureaucratic Performance? A Cross-Country Empirical Analysis.” Public Finance and Management, 4, 3: 399-428.
  • Neubauer, B.J., & Brewer, G.A. (2004). “Virtual Scholarly Collaboration: A Case Study.” The Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, 19, 4: 92-98.
  • Brewer, G.A. (2003). “Building Social Capital: Civic Attitudes and Behavior of Public Servants.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 13, 1: 5-26.
  • Greene, V.L., Selden, S.C., & Brewer, G.A. (2001). “Measuring Power and Presence: Bureaucratic Representation in the American States.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 11, 3: 379-402.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Selden, S.C. (2000). “Why Elephants Gallop: Assessing and Predicting Organizational Performance in Federal Agencies.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 10, 4: 685-711.
  • Brewer, G.A., Selden, S.C., & Facer, R.L. II (2000). “Individual Conceptions of Public Service Motivation.” Public Administration Review, 60, 3: 254-264.
  • Selden, S.C., & Brewer, G.A. (2000). “Work Motivation in the Senior Executive Service: Testing the High-Performance Cycle Theory.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 10, 3: 531-550.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Maranto, R.A. (2000). “Comparing the Roles of Political Appointees and Career Executives in the U.S. Federal Executive Branch.” The American Review of Public Administration, 30, 1: 69-86.
  • Brewer, G.A., Douglas, J.W., Facer, R.L. II, & O’Toole, L.J. Jr. (1999). “Determinants of Graduate Research Productivity in Doctoral Programs of Public Administration.” Public Administration Review, 59, 5: 373‑382.
  • Brewer, G.A., Douglas, J.W., Facer, R.L. II, & O’Toole, L.J. Jr. (1999). “What’s in a Name? Comparing DPA and Ph.D. Programs.” Journal of Public Affairs Education, 5, 4: 309-317.
  • Selden, S.C., Brewer, G.A., & Brudney, J.L. (1999). “The Role of City Managers: Are They Principals, Agents, or Both?” The American Review of Public Administration, 29, 2: 124-148.
  • Selden, S.C., Brewer, G.A., & Brudney, J.L. (1999). “Reconciling Competing Values in Public Administration: Understanding the Administrative Role Concept.” Administration & Society, 31, 3: 171-204.
  • Douglas, J.W., & Brewer, G.A. (1999). “Supervisors’ Perceptions of the Performance of Cooperative Education Employees Working in Federal Agencies.” Review of Public Personnel Administration, 19, 2: 50-60.
  • Brewer, G.A., & Selden, S.C. (1998). “Whistle-Blowers in the Federal Civil Service: New Evidence of the Public Service Ethic.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 8, 3: 413-439.
  • Brewer, G.A., Facer, R.L. Jr., O’Toole, L.J. Jr., & Douglas, J.W. (1998). “The State of Doctoral Education in Public Administration: Developments in the Field’s Research Preparation.” Journal of Public Affairs Education, 4, 2: 123-135.
  • Brewer, G.A. (1997). “Incidence of Whistle-blowing in the Public and Private Sectors.” SSRN Electronic Journal. DOI:10.2139/ssrn.2906120, 35pp.
  • Brewer, G.A. (1995). “Professional Norms Discussed.” Administration and Politics 5, 1: 2-3
  • Gibson, F.K., & Brewer, G.A. (1982). “Does It Pay? The Case of Mobile Coronary Care Units.” Journal of Health and Human Resources Administration, 5, 3: 90-103. 

 

Guest-edited symposia and special editions:

  • Vandenabeele, W., Ritz, A., & Brewer, G.A., eds. (2019). “Symposium on Public Service Motivation.” International Public Management Journal. Accepted articles are now appearing online via early access.
  • Walker, R.M., Brewer, G.A., & James, O., eds. (2017). “Replication, Experiments and Knowledge in Public Management Research.” Public Management Review, 19, 9: 1221-1379.
  • Vandenabeele, W., Brewer, G.A., & Ritz, A., eds. (2014). “Special Issue: Symposium on The Future of Public Service Motivation Research.” Public Administration, 92, 4: 779-1123.
  • Brewer, G.A., Ritz, A., & Vandenabeele, W., eds. (2012). “Symposium on Public Service Motivation: An International Sampling of Research.” International Journal of Public Administration, 35, 1: 1-79.
  • Brewer, G.A., ed. (2011). “Symposium on ‘Public Service Motivation: Expanding the Frontiers of Theory and Empirical Research.” Review of Public Personnel Administration 31, 1: 3-107.

 

Works in progress:

  • Leisink, P.L.M., Andersen, L.B., Brewer, G.A., Jacobsen, C.B., Knies, E., & Vandenabeele, W., eds. (under review by Oxford University Press). Managing for Public Service Performance: How People and Values Make a Difference, 352pp.
  • Andersen, L.B., Brewer, G.A., & Leisink, P.L.M. (under review by Oxford University Press). “Public Value Theory and Public Service Performance Research.” In P.L.M. Leisink, L.B. Andersen, G.A. Brewer, C.B. Jacobsen, E. Knies, & W. Vandenabeele. Managing for Public Service Performance: How People and Values Make a Difference. Approx. 25pp.
  • Pfiffner, R., Ritz, A., & Brewer, G.A. (under review/begin revised). “Performance Information Use under Fiscal Stress: Comparing Public, Nonprofit and For-profit Organizations.” Approx. 37pp.
  • Brewer, G.A., Kellough, J.E., & Rainey, H.G. (under review/being revised). “Merit System Integrity and Public Service Motivation in the U.S. Civil Service: Evidence on the Importance of Merit Principles.” Approx. 27pp.
  • Brewer, G.A., Kellough, J.E., & Rainey, H.G. (under review/being revised). Merit Principles and Feds at Work: Evidence of Work Perceptions from the Frontlines of the U.S. Federal Government.” Approx. 36pp.
  • Chang, A.R., & Brewer, G.A. (under review/being revised). “Street-Level Bureaucracy in Public Administration: A Systematic Literature Review.” Approx. 40pp.