The Natural Resources and Conflict Initiative analyzes the link between natural resources and the dynamics of violent conflict. Ongoing research in this area has found that the availability and exploitation of natural resources can have tremendous consequences for civil conflicts, including how civilians are treated. Natural resources will play an increasingly important role in the world’s conflicts as resources are expended in some areas and discovered in others. Further, the potential effects of climate change threaten to increase the volatility of resource supplies and the unpredictability of conflict.

Recent Publications

Whitaker, Beth Elise, James Igoe Walsh, and Justin Conrad. 2019. “Natural Resource Exploitation and Sexual Violence by Rebel Groups.” Journal of Politics 81(2): 702-706.

Conrad, Justin M., Kevin T. Greene, James Igoe Walsh, and Beth Elise Whitaker. 2019. “Rebel Natural Resource Exploitation and Conflict Duration.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 63(3): 591-616.

Walsh, James I., Justin Conrad, Beth Elise Whitaker and Katelin Hudak. 2018. “Funding Rebellion: The Rebel Contraband Dataset.” Journal of Peace Research 55(5): 699-707.

Webb Williams, Nora. 2015. “Oil Sparks in the Amazon: Local Conflicts, Indigenous Populations, and Natural Resources by Patricia I. Vásquez.” Political Science Quarterly, 130(1): 176-177