Seema Gahlaut

Senior Research Associate, Center for International Trade and Security

Curriculum Vitae

Seema Gahlaut is a Senior Research Associate of the Center for International Trade and Security, specializing in nonproliferation and international security issues. Her current activities and interests include UN and multilateral initiatives regarding terrorism and proliferation; national implementation of UNSC Resolution 1540 in Asia and Africa; corporate compliance with regulations on strategic trade controls and financing of terrorism; and the role of security culture in CBRN management in public and private entities.

  •  Ph.D., University of Georgia,
  • M.Phil., Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • M.A., Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • B.A. (honors), Delhi University
More About

Dr. Seema Gahlaut is a Senior Research Associate at the Center for International Trade & Security. She directs all CITS programs aimed at assisting government officials, legislators, industry and the academia on issues relating to implementation and enforcement of controls over WMD-relevant technologies. This includes the Security and Strategic Trade Management Academy, Asian Fellows Program, and Enterprise Outreach Workshops around the world. She is a member of the Export Control Experts Group in the WMD Working Group of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP). She recently directed the CARICOM 1540 project aimed to assist the 15 Caribbean nations in designing the legal framework for implementing UNSC Resolution 1540.

She is currently engaged in designing training programs on chemical security for Saudi and Pakistani officials, and an in-depth introductory course on trade compliance for Kenyan officials. She is also developing a training curriculum on implementation of UNSC Resolutions 1540 (regulating non-state actor activities in dual-use transactions such as export, re-export, brokering and facilitation) and 1373 (financing of terrorism), and UN Conventions on combatting money laundering, organized crime and corruption.

She has received research and travel grants from the United States Institute of Peace, Ploughshares Fund, Smith Richardson Foundation and the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

She has appeared on CNN TalkBack Live and often contributes to Voice of America, Radio Free Asia and BBC Radio (Hindi Service) as an expert. She has been quoted in a variety of publications such as the New York Times, Mother Jones, Atlanta Journal and Constitution, Aerospace Daily, Asia Times, Times of India, and Her op-eds have appeared in, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, The Hindu, The Times of India, Encyclopedia of Globalization, Defense News, Export Practitioner and Journal of Commerce. She has contributed articles to journals such as Orbis, Defense & Security Studies, Comparative Strategy, Arms Control Today, Perspectives on Politics, USI Journal and the Indian Defense Review.

In addition, she continues to brief U.S. and foreign government and private sector officials on a range of international trade and security issues.

Research Interests
  • Impact of UN Security Council Resolutions 1540, 1873 and 1373 on the implementation of nonproliferation and anti-terrorism obligations by governments and by the industry
  • Challenges to effective security of dual-use technologies and monitoring of trade and banking transactions
  • Development of CBRN Security Culture framework
  • Chemical Security procedures in Emerging Market Economies
  • Developments in the Multilateral Export Control Regimes and Proliferation Security Initiative
  • Making Strategic Trade Controls accessible and acceptable among developing countries
Selected Publications


  • To Supply or to Deny: Comparing Nonproliferation Export Controls in Five Key Countries [New York: Kluwer, 2004], co-author
  • Engaging India: US Strategic Relations with the World’s Largest Democracy [New York: Routledge, 1999], co-editor.

Chapters in Books

  • “Increasing the effectiveness and acceptance of dual-use export controls: Asian Perspectives,” in Oliver Meier (Ed.) Between Control and Cooperation: Dual-use, technology transfers and the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction [New York: Routledge, January 2014]
  • “India’s Nuclear Strategy,” in James Holmes and Toshi Yoshihara, Eds. Asia in the Second Nuclear Age[Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, Spring 2013]

Special Reports and Briefs

  • CARICOM Gap Analysis: Regional Overview, CITS Report, September 2011
  • UN Security Council Resolution 1540: A Principled Necessity, CITS Issue Brief, August 2006


  • Ten Years of UN Security Council Resolution 1540: Focus on “Doing Nonproliferation” DSA Dialogue, March 21, 2014.
  • “Myths about Proliferation and Non-Proliferation of WMDs,” Women in International Security, WIIS Issue Brief, Winter 2007.