Gene A. Brewer


Associate Professor of Public Administration and Policy

Curriculum Vitae

Dr. Brewer is an internationally recognized public management scholar who publishes in the top-ranked journals in the field. His current research interests include public sector reform, policy implementation, government performance, organization theory and behavior, comparative administration, and bureaucratic accountability in democratic political systems.

Education
  • Ph.D., The University of Georgia 2001, Public Administration
  • MPA, The University of Georgia 1980, Public Administration
  • B.S., The University of Georgia 1978, Secondary Social Science Education
More About

Gene A. Brewer (Ph.D., University of Georgia, 2001) is an internationally recognized public management scholar.  His current research interests include public sector reform, policy implementation, government performance, organization theory and behavior, comparative administration, and bureaucratic accountability in democratic political systems.  He is currently a partner and advisor on several domestic and international research projects and consortiums in the United States, United Kingdom, Western Europe, East Asia, Australasia and East Asia.  Dr. Brewer has more than forty years of work experience in the public and nonprofit sectors and regularly lectures, consults and conducts research in the United States and internationally on a wide range of topics related to public administration, management, and the policy process.  He is Visiting Professor of Public Management at Utrecht University School of Governance in the Netherlands and has affiliations with several other universities and public institutions around the world.  In addition, Dr. Brewer is the North American Vice President of the International Research Society for Public Management and a study group chair of the International Institute of Administrative Sciences.  He recently co-authored and co-edited Public Service Performance: Research Directions (Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Dr. Brewer teaches graduate courses in public administration, public management, and the policy-making process.  In recent years, he has taught seminars on public administration and democracy, government performance improvement, human resource management, organization theory and behavior, policy implementation, international/comparative administration, research methods and design, data applications, and emerging topics in public management research such as public values, leadership, networks, public service motivation, rules and red tape, and public service performance.

Areas of Expertise
  • Public administration
  • Public management
  • Policy-making process
Research Interests

Dr. Brewer has expertise in public administration, public management and the policy-making process, both in the USA and internationally.  His research interests coincide with his teaching interests and include the following topics: public administration and democracy, government performance improvement, human resource management, organization theory and behavior, policy implementation, international/comparative administration, research methods and design, data applications, and emerging topics in public management research such as public values, leadership, networks, public service motivation, rules and red tape, and public service performance.

Selected Publications

Publications (Books and Monographs)

  • 2010.   Author and Editor, Public Management and Performance: Research Directions. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press.  Note: a second Korean-language edition is in process.  (Co-authors and co-editors: George A. Boyne and Richard M. Walker)
  • 2001.   Author, A Portrait of Public Servants: Empirical Evidence from Comparisons with Other Citizens.  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Georgia.
  • 2000.   Author, Administrative Reform and Organizational Change in the Public Sector.  Democracy Project AP 24/2000.  Copenhagen, Denmark: University of Copenhagen.

Publications (Refereed Articles and Refereed Book Chapters)

  • 2013.  “An Experimental Assessment of Public Ownership and Performance:  Comparing Perceptions in East Asia and the USA.”  Symposium on East Asian  Public Management, International Public Management Journal, DOI:   http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2013.825480 An earlier version of the article  was presented at a Workshop Meeting on Performance Practices in East and  Southeast Asia, Hong Kong, December 1-3, 2011.  (Co-authors: Barry Bozeman,  M. Jae Moon, Richard M. Walker, and Jiannan Wu)
  • 2013.  “Does Societal Culture Affect Public Service Motivation? Evidence of Sub- National Differences in Switzerland.”  Symposium on Advancing Public Service  Motivation Research in a Globalized World, International Public Management  Journal, 16, 2 (August): 224-251.  Earlier versions of this article were presented  at the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the International Research Society for Public  Management (IRSPM-XIV), Bern, Switzerland, April 6-9, 2010; and at the  International Workshop on Public Service Motivation and Public Performance in  a Globalized World, Wuhan/Xi’an, China, July 14-16, 2010.  (Co-author: Adrian  Ritz)
  • 2013.  “Public Administration Research in East and Southeast Asia: A Review of  the  English Language Evidence, 1999-2009.”  Lead article in a symposium on Public  Administration Research in Asia, American Review of Public Administration.   DOI: 10.1177/0275074013497088.  An earlier version of the article was presented  at the Inaugural Meeting of the Asian Association for Public Administration  (AAPA) and the ninth Asian Forum, Tokyo, Japan, January 29-31, 2010; and the  PMRA.IRSPM.ASIA Conference, University of Hong Kong, October 14-16,  2010.  (Co-authors: Richard M. Walker and Yujin Choi)
  • 2013.  “Public Management Contributions for Improving Social Service Performance:  Public Values, Public Service Motivation, and Red Tape.”  In Peter L. M. Leisink,  Paul Boselie, Maarten van Bottenburg, and Dian Marie Hosking, eds.  Managing  Social Issues: A Public Values Perspective.  Cheltenham and Camberley, UK:  Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.  An earlier version of this chapter was presented at  the Utrecht University School of Governance Tenth Anniversary Celebration and  Conference on ‘Public Matters’, Utrecht, Netherlands, November 19-20, 2010.
  • 2013.  “Personnel Constraints in Public Organizations: The Impact of Reward and   Punishment on Organizational Performance.”  Public Administration Review 73, 1  (January/February): 121-131.  Earlier versions of this article were presented at the  Eleventh Annual Meeting of the International Research Society for Public   Management (IRSPM-XI), Potsdam, Germany, April 2-4, 2007; and the 10th  Biennial Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference,   Columbus, Ohio, October 1-3, 2009.  (Co-author Richard M. Walker)
  • 2013.  “Social Capital, Management Capacity, and Public Service Performance:  Evidence from the U.S. States.”  Public Management Review 15, 1 (January-  February): 19-42.  Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the Annual  Meeting of the European Group of Public Administration, Rotterdam,   Netherlands, September 3-6, 2008; and the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the  International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XIII),   Copenhagen, Denmark, April 6-8.  (Co-author: Rhys Andrews)
  • 2012.  “External Control and Red Tape: The Mediating Effects of Client and  Organizational Feedback.”  Symposium on Red Tape, International Public  Management Journal 15, 3 (Autumn): 288-314.  Earlier versions of this article  were presented at the Twelfth Annual Meeting of the International Research  Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XII), Brisbane, Australia, March 26-28,  2008; and the 20th Anniversary and 11th Biennial Public Management Research  Association (PMRA) Conference, Syracuse, New York, June 2-4, 2011.  (Co-  authors: Richard M. Walker, Barry Bozeman, Claudia Avellaneda, and Gene A.  Brewer Jr.)
  • 2011.  “Market Orientation and Public Service Performance: NPM Gone Mad?”  Public  Administration Review 71, 5 (September/October): 707-717.  Earlier versions of  this article were presented at a research conference at the National University of  Singapore in 2007; and the Determinants of Performance in Public Organizations  II Conference, University of Hong Kong, December 7-9, 2006.  (Co-authors:  Claudia Avellaneda, George A. Boyne, and Richard M. Walker)
  • 2011.  “Parsing Public/Private Differences in Work Motivation and Performance: An Experimental Study.”  Symposium on Public/Private Differences and Performance”, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 21, 3 (July): 347-362.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the International Comparisons of Public and Private Management Workshop, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, November 4-5, 2008.  (Co-author: Gene A. Brewer Jr.)
  • 2011.  “The Barriers and Facilitators to Implementing Primary Stroke Center Policy in  the United States: Results from Four Case Study States”, American Journal of  Public Health 101, 3 (March): 561-566.  An earlier version of this article was  presented at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta,   Georgia, March 5, 2009.  (Co-authors: Laurence J. O’Toole, Jr., Catherine P.  Slade, and Lauren N. Gase)
  • 2010.  “Civil Service Reform under George W. Bush: Ideology, Politics, and Public Personnel Administration.”  Symposium on Personnel Policy in the George W. Bush Administration, Review of Public Personnel Administration 30, 4 (December): 404-422.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Toronto, Canada, September 3-6, 2009.  (Co-authors: J. Edward Kellough and Lloyd G. Nigro)
  • 2010.  “Substitution and Supplementation between Co-Functional Policy Instruments: Evidence from State Budget Stabilization Practices.”  Public Administration Review 70, 6: 914-924.  (Co-author: Yilin Hou)
  • 2010.  “Explaining Variations in Perceptions of Red Tape: A Professionalism-   Marketization Model.”  Public Administration  88, 2 (June): 418-438.  An earlier  version of this article was presented at the Tenth Annual Meeting of the   International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-X), Glasgow,  Scotland, April 10-12, 2006.  (Coauthor: Richard M. Walker)
  • 2010.  “Social Capital and Fire Service Performance: Evidence from the U.S. States.”   Social Science Quarterly 91, 2 (June): 576-591.  (Co-author: Rhys  Andrews)
  • 2010.  “Why Elephants Gallop: Assessing and Predicting Organizational Performance in  Federal Agencies.”  In Stuart Ira Bretschneider, Carolyn Heinrich, Beryl A.  Radin, and Craig Thomas (eds.), JPART Reader.  Available electronically:   http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our journals/jopart/collectionspage.html.  An  earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of American  Political Science Association, Atlanta, Georgia, September 2-5, 1999.  (Co-  author: Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 2010.  “Public Service Motivation and Performance.”  In Richard M. Walker, George A.  Boyne, and Gene A. Brewer (eds.), Public Management and Performance:  Research Directions.  Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University  Press, pp. 152-177.
  • 2010.  “Red Tape: The Bane of Public Organizations?”  In Richard M. Walker, George  A. Boyne, and Gene A. Brewer (eds.), Public Management and Performance:  Research Directions.  Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University  Press, pp. 110- 126.  (Co-author: Richard M. Walker)
  • 2010.  “How Far has Market Orientation Penetrated Public Organizations?  An Empirical Test on Customer Satisfaction.”  In M. Ramesh, Eduardo Araral Jr., and Xun Wu (eds.), Reasserting the Public in Public Services: New Public Management Reforms.  London: Routledge, pp. 63-78.  An earlier version of this chapter was presented at a research conference at the National University of Singapore in 2007.  (Co-authors:  Richard M. Walker and George A. Boyne)
  • 2010.  “The Impact of Red Tape on Governmental Performance: An Empirical Analysis.”  Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 20, 1 (January): 233-257.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the 27th Annual Fall Research  Conference of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management  (APPAM), Washington DC, November 3–5, 2005.  (Co-author: Richard M.  Walker)
  • 2009.  “Assessing the Impact of Crises on the Performance and Governance of Asian  Countries.”  In Clay Wescott, Bidhya Bowornwathana and Lawrence R. Jones  (eds.), Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 18 – The Many  Faces of Public Management Reform in the Asia-Pacific Region. Bingley, UK:  Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 361-381.  (Co-authors: Yu Jin Choi and  Richard M. Walker)
  • 2009.  “Can Management Strategy Minimize the Impact of Red Tape on Organizational Performance?”  Administration & Society 41, 4 (July): 423-448.  Earlier versions of this article were presented at the Second Transatlantic Dialogue (2TAD) meeting in Leuven, Belgium, June 1-3, 2006; and the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, Illinois, April 12-15, 2007.
  • (Co-author: Richard M. Walker)
  • 2009.  “Can Public Managers Reduce Red Tape?  An Empirical Analysis of  Environmental Constraints and Internal Management.”  Policy & Politics 37, 2  (April): 255-272.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual  Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia,   Pennsylvania, August 31 – September 3, 2006.  (Co-author: Richard M. Walker)
  • 2008.   “Linking Accountability, Corruption and Government Effectiveness in Asia: An Examination of World Bank Governance Indicators.”  In Bidhya Bowornwathana and Clay Wescott (eds.), Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 17 – Comparative Governance Reform in Asia: Democracy, Corruption, and Government Trust.  Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 227-245.  (Co-authors: Richard M. Walker and Yujin Choi)
  • 2008.  “An Organizational Echelon Analysis of the Determinants of Red Tape in Public  Organizations.”  Public Administration Review 68, 6 (November/December):  1112-1127.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Eighth Biennial  Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference, Los Angeles,  California, September 29 – October 1, 2005. (Co-author: Richard M. Walker)
  • 2008.  “Federal Farm Policy and the Role of Agricultural Agencies in Rural America.”  In Gary A. Goreham (ed.), Encyclopedia of Rural America: The Land and the People, 2d ed.  Millerton, New York: Grey House Publishing.
  • 2008.  “Employee and Organizational Performance.”  In James L. Perry and Annie Hondeghem (eds.).  Motivation in Public Management: The Call of Public Service.  Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 136-156.
  • 2007.  “Accountability, Corruption and Government Effectiveness in Asia: An Exploration of World Bank Governance Indicators.”  In Asian Forum Symposium, International Public Management Review 8, 2 (October): 200-219.  (Co-authors: Yu Jin Choi and Richard M. Walker)
  • 2007.  “The Status of Organization Development in Public Administration: Another Case of Practice Being Ahead of Theory.”  In Thomas G. Cummings (ed.), Handbook of Organizational Development.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, pp. 541-551.  (Co-author: Robert T. Golembiewski)
  • 2006.  “All Measures of Performance are Subjective: More Evidence on U.S. Federal Agencies.”  In George A. Boyne, Kenneth J. Meier, Laurence J. O’Toole Jr., and Richard M. Walker (eds.), Public Service Performance.  Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 35-54.
  • 2006.  “Designing and Implementing E-Government Systems: Critical Implications for Public Administration and Democracy.”  Administration & Society 38, 4 (September): 472-499.  (Co-authors: Bruce J. Neubauer and Karen Geiselhart)
  • 2005.  “In the Eye of the Storm: Frontline Supervisors and Federal  Agency  Performance.”  Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 15, 4  (October): 505-527.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the  Determinants of Performance in Public Organizations: Advancing Knowledge in  Public Management Conference, Cardiff, Wales, May 6-8, 2004.
  • 2004.  “Does Administrative Reform Improve Bureaucratic Performance?  A Cross- Country Empirical Analysis.”  Public Finance and Management 4, 3 (Summer):  399-428.  An earlier version of this article was presented at a Research Workshop  on the Empirical Study of Governance, Management, and Performance, College  Station, Texas, February 21-23, 2001.
  • 2004.  “Virtual Scholarly Collaboration: A Case Study.”  The Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges 19, 4 (April): 92-98.  (Co-author: Bruce J. Neubauer)
  • 2003.  “Building Social Capital: Civic Attitudes and Behavior of Public Servants.”  Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 13, 1 (January): 5-26.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the 6th Biennial Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference, Bloomington, Indiana, October 18-20, 2001.
  • 2003.  “Bureaucratic Politics.”  In Jack Rabin (ed.), Encyclopedia of Public  Administration and Public Policy.  New York, New York:  Marcel Dekker, Inc.,  pp. 141-146.
  • 2001.  “Measuring Power and Presence: Bureaucratic Representation in the American  States.”  Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 11, 3 (July):
  • 379-402.  Earlier versions of this article were presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, Illinois, April 27-30, 2000; and the Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Atlanta, Georgia, September 2-5, 1999.  (Co-authors: Vernon L. Greene and Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 2001.  “The Great Transformation?  Administrative and Civil Service Reform in Western Democracies.”  In Stephen E. Condrey and Robert A. Maranto (eds.), Radical Reform of the Civil Service.  Lexington, MD: Lexington Books, pp. 43-68.
  • 2000.  “Why Elephants Gallop: Assessing and Predicting Organizational Performance in Federal Agencies.”  Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 10, 4 (October): 685-711.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Atlanta, Georgia, September 2-5, 1999.  (Co-author: Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 2000.  “Individual Conceptions of Public Service Motivation.”  Public Administration Review 60, 3 (May/June): 254-264.  (Co-authors: Sally Coleman Selden and Rex L. Facer II)
  • 2000.  “Work Motivation in the Senior Executive Service: Testing the High Performance Cycle Theory.”  Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 10, 3 (July): 531-550.  Earlier versions of this article were presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, New York, New York, September 1-4, 1994; and the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Celebration Conference for the Doctor of Public Administration Program, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, May 9-10, 1997.  (Co-author: Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 2000.  “Comparing the Roles of Political Appointees and Career Executives in the U.S. Federal Executive Branch.”  The American Review of Public Administration 30, 1 (March): 69-86.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, Massachusetts, September 3-6, 1998.  (Co-author: Robert A. Maranto)
  • 1999.  “Determinants of Graduate Research Productivity in Doctoral Programs of Public Administration.”  Public Administration Review 59, 5 (September/October): 373 382.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, Miami, Florida, October 13-19, 1999.  (Co-authors: James W. Douglas, Rex L. Facer II, and Laurence J. O’Toole, Jr.)
  • 1999.  “What’s in a Name?  Comparing DPA and Ph.D. Programs.”  Journal of Public Affairs Education 5, 4 (October): 309-317.  (Co-authors: Rex L. Facer II, Laurence J. O’Toole, Jr., and James W. Douglas)
  • 1999.  “The Role of City Managers: Are They Principals, Agents, or Both?”  The American Review of Public Administration 29, 2 (June): 124-148.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, August 28-31.  (Co-authors: Sally Coleman Selden and Jeffrey L. Brudney)
  • 1999.  “Reconciling Competing Values in Public Administration: Understanding the Administrative Role Concept.”  Administration & Society 31, 3 (May): 171-204.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, California, August 29 – September 1, 1996.  (Co-authors: Sally Coleman Selden and Jeffrey L. Brudney)
  • 1999.  “Supervisors’ Perceptions of the Performance of Cooperative Education Employees Working in Federal Agencies.”  Review of Public Personnel Administration 19, 2 (Spring): 50-60.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Atlanta, Georgia, October 28-31, 1998.  (Co-author: James W. Douglas)
  • 1998.  “Whistle-blowers in the Federal Civil Service: New Evidence of the Public Service Ethic.”  Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 8, 3 (July): 413-439.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, Illinois, August 31 – September 3, 1995.  (Co-author: Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 1998.  “The State of Doctoral Education in Public Administration: Developments in the Field’s Research Preparation.”  Journal of Public Affairs Education 4, 2 (April): 123-135.  An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Conference on Public Administration, Miami, Florida, October 3-5, 1996.  (Co-authors: Rex L. Facer II, Laurence J. O’Toole, Jr., and James W. Douglas)
  • 1982.  “Does It Pay?  The Case of Mobile Coronary Care Units.”  Journal of Health and Human Resources Administration 5, 3 (Summer): 90-103.  (Co-author: Frank K. Gibson)

Publications (Invited and Non-Refereed Works)

  • Forthcoming.  “Why Should We Care about Another Special Issue or Symposium on Public Service Motivation?”  Introduction to a symposium on Public Service Motivation scheduled for publication in Public Administration (UK).  (Co-editors I am guest editor of the symposium and helped write the introduction and Adrian Ritz and Wouter Vandenabeele.)
  • 2012.  “Introduction to the Symposium on Public Service Motivation: An International Sampling of Research.”  Special Issue on Public Service Motivation in the International Journal of Public Administration 35, 1 (Special Issue): 1-4.  (Co-editors Adrian Ritz and Wouter Vandenabeele.)
  • 2011.  “Public Service Motivation: Expanding the Frontiers of Theory and Empirical Research.”  Review of Public Personnel Administration 31, 1 (March): 3-9.
  • 2009.  “Case History: Drafting the Bolero Plan.”  Public Administration Review 64, 6 (November/December): 1162-1171.
  • 1995.  “Professional Norms Discussed.”  Administration and Politics 5, 1 (Fall): 2-3.

Conference and Working Papers (Only Those Not Yet Published)

  • 2013.  “Social Capital and School District Performance: Does Managerial Strategy  Matter?”  (Co-author: Rhys Andrews)
  • 2013.  “Public Service Motivation: A Systematic Literature Review and Outlook.”  Paper  presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Research Society for Public  Management (IRSPM-XVII), Prague, Czech Republic, April 10-12; and the  12th Biennial Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference,  Madison, Wisconsin, June 20-22.  Under review by Public Administration  Review.  (Coauthors: Adrian Ritz and Oliver Neumann)
  • 2013.  “Bureaucratic Malaises and their Remedies in Public and Nonprofit  Organizations.”  Paper presented at the 12th Biennial Public Management   Research Association (PMRA) Conference, Madison, Wisconsin, June 20-22.   (Co-authors: Richard M. Walker and Chan Su Jung)
  • 2013.  “How Does Red Tape Affect Government Employees’ Public Service   Motivation?”  Paper presented at the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the   International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XVII), Prague,  the Czech Republic, April 10-12.  (Co-authors: Peter L. M. Leisink, Nina van  Loon, and Eva Knies)
  • 2013.  “An Experimental Study of ‘Publicness’, Value Tradeoffs, and Cross-National  Differences in East Asian Public Administration.”  Paper presented at the  International Conference on the Uniqueness of ‘Asian’ Public Administration –  Claims, Critiques, and Contributions, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea,  February 25-26, and the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the International   Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XVII), Prague, the Czech  Republic, April 10-12.  (Co-authors: Richard M. Walker, M. Jae Moon and  Jiannan Wu)
  • 2013.  “Strengthening Bureaucratic Leadership and Performance Management for Senior  Executives with Political Participation.”  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting  of the American Society for Public Administration, New Orleans, Louisiana,  March 15-19.  (Co-author: Evan M. Berman)
  • 2013.  “The Impact of Rules on Performance: Evidence from Different Public Services.”   Paper presented at the International Conference on Political Legitimacy and the  Paradox of Regulation, Leiden University in the Netherlands, January 23-25.   (Co-authors Richard M. Walker and Claudia Avellaneda)
  • 2012.  “When Does Red Tape Hurt Performance? Evidence from Different Policy   Arenas.”  Paper presented at the 34th Annual Fall Research Conference of the  Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM), Baltimore,  Maryland, November 8-10.  (Co-authors: Richard M. Walker and Claudia   Avellaneda)
  • 2012.  “Pre-Career Public Service Motivation: Public Service Orientation among New  College Freshmen.”  Paper uploaded for presentation at the Annual  Meeting of the American Political Science Association, New Orleans, Louisiana,  August 30 – September 2, 2012, which was cancelled due to Hurricane Isaac.   (Co-authors: Robert K. Christensen, Justin M. Stritch, and J. Edward Kellough)
  • 2012.  “Red Tape and Overspending.”  Paper presented at the Public Management  Research Conference 2012, Fudan University, Shanghai, PRC, May 25-27, 2012.   (Co-authors: Rhys Andrews and Richard M. Walker).
  • 2012.  “Public Servants in the Public Square: Comparing Civic Voluntarism of Public  and Nonprofit Sector Managers.”  Paper presented at the Sixteenth Annual  Meeting of the International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM- XVI), Rome, Italy, April 11-13, and the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political  Science Association, Chicago, Illinois, April 12-15.  (Co-author: Meg Haller)
  • 2012.  “Emergent Public Service Motivation among University Students: A Preliminary  Look.”  Paper presented at the Sixteenth Annual Meeting of the International  Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XVI), Rome, Italy, April 11- 13.  (Co-authors: J. Edward Kellough, Robert K. Christensen, and Justin M.  Stritch)
  • 2012.  “When Does Red Tape Hurt Performance? Evidence from Different Policy  Arenas.”  Paper presented at the Sixteenth Annual Meeting of the International  Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XVI), Rome, Italy, April 11-  13.  (Co-authors: Richard M. Walker and Claudia Avellaneda)
  • 2012.  “Red Tape and Local Authority Overspending: The Moderating Effect of Political  Competition.”  Paper presented to the Local Politics Specialist Group, Annual  Meeting of the Political Studies Association, Belfast, Ireland, April 3-5.  (Co- authors: Rhys Andrews and Richard M. Walker)
  • 2011.  “Rolling Back State Civil Service Systems: Assessing the Erosion of Employee  Rights and Protections, and Their Impacts.”  Paper presented at the Annual  Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Seattle, Washington,  September 1-4, 2011.  (Co-author: Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 2011.  “Public Administration in East and Southeast Asia.”  Paper presented at the  Annual International Conference of the Asian Association for Public  Administration, Depok, Indonesia, February 7-9.  (Co-authors: Yujin Choi, Jie  Gao, Masao Kikuchi, Gongrok Kim, Myong Jin Lee, Jessica Yu-Wen Lin, M. Jae  Moon, Milan Sun, and Richard M. Walker)
  • 2011.  “Social Capital and Public Service Performance:  Does Managerial Organizational Strategy Matter?  Paper presented at the 20th Anniversary and 11th Biennial Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference in Syracuse, New York,
  • June 2-4.  (Co-author: Rhys Andrews)
  • 2011.  “Public Management and Performance: Moving the Research Agenda Forward in Times of Fiscal Austerity.”  Paper presented at the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XV), Dublin, Ireland, April 11-13.  An earlier version of the paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, September 2-5, 2010.  (Co-authors: George A. Boyne and Richard M. Walker)
  • 2010.  “Public Service Motivation and Performance: An Organizational Perspective.”   Paper presented at the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the International Research  Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XIV), Bern, Switzerland, April 6-9.   (Co-author: Claudia Avellaneda)
  • 2009.  “Summary of Primary Stroke Center Policy in the States”.  Working paper,   Department of Public Administration and Policy, The University of Georgia; and  U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.  (Co-authors:  Laurence J. O’Toole Jr., Catherine P. Slade, Beth Anne Leech, Nick Grinstead,  and Eujin Rho)
  • 2009.  “Administrative Values and Administrative Reform: An Assessment in the  Wake  of the New Public Management.”  Paper presented at the International  Conference for Administrative Development: Towards Excellence in Public  Sector Performance, Institute of Public Administration, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,  November 1-4.  (Co-author: J. Edward Kellough)
  • 2009.  “Public Service Motivation: Three Dilemmas.”  Paper presented at the 10th  Biennial Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference,   Columbus, Ohio, October 1-3.
  • 2009.  “Human Resource Management Reforms in the Public Sector: Problems and  Prospects.”  Paper presented at the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the International  Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XIII), Copenhagen Business  School, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, April 6-8.  (Co-author: J. Edward  Kellough)
  • 2009.  “The Possibility of an Ethical Dimension of Public Service Motivation.”  Paper  presented at the International Public Service Motivation Research Conference,  Bloomington, Indiana, June 7-9.
  • 2008.  “Management Capacity and Public Service Performance: Evidence from  the U.S. States.”  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the European Group  of Public Administration (EGPA), Rotterdam, Netherlands, September 3-6.
  • (Co-author: Rhys Andrews)
  • 2008.  “The Impact of Federal Employee Perceptions of Justice and Fairness on Job  Satisfaction, Organizational Performance, and Turnover Intentions.”  Paper  presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science  Association, Boston, Massachusetts, August 28-31.
  • 2008.  “Employee Assessments of Fairness in U.S. Federal Agencies: An Exploratory  Analysis.”  Paper presented at the Twelfth Annual Meeting of the International  Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XII), Brisbane, Australia,  March 26-28.  A previous version of this paper was presented at the 9th Biennial  Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference, Tucson, Arizona,  October 25-27, 2007.  (Co-author: J. Edward Kellough)
  • 2008. “Civil Service Reform and Employee Perceptions of Organizational Justice.”   Paper presented at the Twelfth Annual Meeting of the International Research  Society for Public Management (IRSPM-XII), Queensland University of   Technology, Brisbane, Australia, March 26-28.  (Co-author: J. Edward  Kellough)
  • 2007.  “Working Both Sides of the Street: Bringing Together Policy and Organizational  Perspectives on Public Service Performance.”  Paper presented at the 9th Biennial  Public Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference, Tucson, Arizona,  October 25-27.  (Co-author: Peter L. Hupe)
  • 2007.  “Toward a Performing Public Sector: A Cross-Country Study of Democracy’s  Impact on Government Performance.”  Paper presented at the Eleventh Annual  Meeting of the  International Research Symposium on Public Management   (IRSPM-XI), Potsdam, Germany, April 2-4.  (Co-author: Yujin Choi)
  • 2006.  “Layers of Red Tape: Using Multilevel Modeling to Study the Effects of Red  Tape, Management, and the Environment on Performance.”  Paper  presented at  the Determinants of Performance in Public Organizations II Conference,  University of Hong Kong, December 7-9, 2006.  (Co-authors: Alisa K. Hicklin  and Richard M. Walker)
  • 2006.  “An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Environmental Constraints and Internal  Management Practices on Red Tape.”  Paper presented at the Annual   Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia,    Pennsylvania, August 31 – September 3.  (Co-author: Richard M.  Walker)
  • 2006.  “Public Service Motivation: Theory, Evidence, and Prospects for Research.”   Paper presented at the Tenth Annual Meeting of the International Research   Society for Public Management (IRSPM-X), Glasgow, Scotland, April 10-12.  An  earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American  Political Science Association, Boston, Massachusetts, August 29 – September 1,  2002.
  • 2005.  “Red Tape, Management Reform, and Organizational Performance: An Empirical   Evaluation.”  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Public  Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, DC, November 3-5.  (Co-author:  Richard M Walker)
  • 2005.  “The Impact of Performance Budgeting on State Government Performance: An  Empirical Analysis.”  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association  of Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, DC, November 3-5.   (Co-author: Hui Li)
  • 2005.  “Federal Agencies in Transition: Assessing the Impact on Federal Employee Job  Satisfaction and Performance.”  Paper presented at the 8th National Public  Management Research Conference, Los Angeles, California, September 29 – October 1.  (Co-author: Soo-Young Lee)
  • 2005.  “Implementation of Performance Budgeting in the States: The Impact of   Management and Organizational Capacity.”  Paper presented at the Annual  Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC,   September 1-4, 2005.  (Co-author: Hui Li)
  • 2005.  “When Top-Down Meets Bottom-Up: Lessons Learned From Implementing  Large-Scale Reforms in a Federal Agency.”  Paper presented at the Ninth Annual  Meeting of the International Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM- IX), Milan, Italy, April 6-8.
  • 2005.  “Implementation of Performance Budgeting in the States: Status and Factors.”   Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Social Science   Association, Albuquerque, New Mexico, April 13-15, 2005.  (Co-author: Hui Li)
  • 2004.  “Improving Public Schools: Leadership, Performance, and Diversity.”  Paper  presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Public Policy Analysis and  Management, Atlanta, Georgia, October 28-30.  (Co-author: Yi Lu)
  • 2003.  “When Core Values and Missions Collide: Gut-Wrenching Change in the U.S.  Department of Agriculture.”  Paper presented at the 7th National Public   Management Research Association (PMRA) Conference, Washington, DC,  October 9-11.
  • 2003.  “Bureaucratic Representation in U.S. State Governments: Determinants of  Minority and Female Employment Success.”  Paper  presented at the Annual  Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia,   Pennsylvania, August 28-31.  (Co-author: Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 2003.  “The Implementation of a World Wide Web Presence for the Nebraska   Unicameral Legislature.”  (Co-author: Bruce J. Neubauer)
  • 2002.  “Public Workforce Integration: A Field Essay.”  Paper presented at  the Annual  Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Savannah, Georgia,  November 6-8.
  • 2001.  “Personality Differences between Public Servants and Other Citizens.”  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, California, August 30 – September 2.
  • 1998.  “Conflict between Political Appointees and Career Executives: An Empirical Study.”  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, October 28-31, Atlanta, Georgia.  (Co-author: Robert A. Maranto)
  • 1998.  “The Promise of Active Citizenship: Does Participation Increase Trust in Government?”  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, Massachusetts, September 3-6.  (Co-author: Sally Coleman Selden)
  • 1996.  “Incidence of Whistle-blowing in the Public and Private Sectors.” Working Paper, Department of Political Science, University of Georgia (this working paper has been cited in the Social Science Citation Index).
  • 1995.  “Does Previous Work Experience in the Private Sector Affect How Public   Employees Rate the Difficulty of Their Work?” Working Paper, Department of  Political Science, University of Georgia (this working paper has been cited in the  Social Science Citation Index).

Symposia in Process

  • Forthcoming.  “Symposium on Public Service Motivation.”  Symposium scheduled for publication in Public Administration (UK).  (Co-editors Adrian Ritz, Wouter Vandenabeele, and Zeger Van Der Wal)
  • Forthcoming.  “Symposium on Public Service Motivation.”  Symposium tentatively scheduled for publication in Public Administration Review.  (Co-editors Adrian Ritz, Wouter Vandenabeele, and Zeger Van Der Wal)